The difference between a regular dental cleaning and root planing and scaling is the extent of the cleaning process. If a dentist wants to stop gum disease before it progresses, he or she will provide a deep cleaning called root planing and scaling. Therefore, root planing is a type of periodontal treatment that prevents gum disease from advancing – a progression that can lead to serious health problems and tooth loss. The NHS has a wealth of information which you will find useful.
The Function of the Gums
Your teeth are more significant than they appear and therefore are planted deep within the gums. As a result, the part of the tooth that is held within the gums is made up of blood vessels and nerves – all which are designed to keep a tooth healthy and functional. Therefore, the gums protect the lower portion of the tooth that contains the blood vessels and nerves. The gums also anchor the teeth and keep them in place.
How Gum Disease Develops
Gum disease develops over time and begins with the buildup of plaque. If plaque is not removed by flossing or brushing, the teeth will grow cavities. However, an accumulation of plaque also leads to gum disease.
If this occurs, the gums will become irritated. They will bleed quickly, particularly when you floss. This is the beginning phase of gum disease. At this point, the patient is said to have gingivitis. When a patient has gingivitis, the gum disease can be reversed. Brushing and flossing several times each day will change this condition. If you start brushing and flossing regularly, your gums will bleed less and less.
Unfortunately, most patients do not realise they have gum disease until it is more advanced. In the most severe cases, the gums will recede until the teeth become loose and fall out. That is why dental practices such as the Rycote Dental Practice Ltd. offer root planing and scaling.
What Happens during Root Planing and Scaling
During a root planing and scaling, local anaesthesia is administered to lessen any discomfort. Specialised instruments are used to remove tartar and plaque from the roots of the teeth and the surrounding gum pockets.
This type of dental cleaning is merely a deep clean and is not much different than a regular dental cleaning. However, the focus is on cleaning the gum line and making sure that all the plaque in this area is removed.
When Root Planing and Scaling Is Recommended
This type of dental cleaning is often performed when the following situations apply:
- The gums are pulling away from the teeth
- The gums are inflamed
- Tartar, which is mineralised plaque, has spread to the teeth’s roots
Practice Regular Dental Care at Home
After a root planing and scaling, patients report fewer cavities and a cleaner and healthier mouth. Once you have root planing performed, it is crucial that you brush and floss your teeth regularly. Doing so can make a big difference – both in your dental health and in how you feel overall. Taking a few minutes out of your day to brush and floss your teeth can help restore your smile and your self-confidence. Do not overlook the importance of following a regular dental routine.